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What can cause an aortic aneurysm to burst?

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Aorta aneurysms can be very serious conditions. The aorta is the body’s largest blood vessel. Because it is so large and plays such an important role in moving blood through the body, it isn’t infallible. The walls can weaken, causes them to bulge in places and leak blood into the body. This is an aortic aneurysm.

Sometimes, an aortic aneurysm will burst. Some will force blood flow away from the tissues and organs. This can lead to kidney damage, heart attacks, stroke, and death.

Types of Aortic Aneurysms

There are two types of an aortic aneurysm: thoracic and abdominal.

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm – A thoracic aortic aneurysm is located in the chest. Genetics is pretty crucial regarding this condition. There are several conditions that can affect the aorta, including Loeys Dietz syndrome, Marfan syndrome, and bicuspid aortic value.

Many people do not detect their thoracic aortic aneurysm until it is quite large, or it bursts. Symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Hoarseness
  • Back pain
  • Coughing
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

These aneurysms are often monitored yearly to ensure that it isn’t growing or there aren’t any problems with it. However, larger aneurysms may require surgery.

Causes of thoracic aortic aneurysm include:

  • Atherosclerosis (plaque builds up in the arteries)
  • Infection
  • Sudden, Traumatic Injury
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm – Just as the name implies, this aneurysm occurs in the abdomen. Also known as AAA, symptoms include:

  • A deep pain located on the abdomen side
  • Back pain
  • Throbbing near the navel

Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms may have these symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Sweaty or clammy
  • Experience a sharp, intense pain in the abdomen or back.

The causes of abdominal aortic aneurysm are not well known, but doctors and researchers have found that these things may play a role:

  • High blood pressure
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Genetics
  • Smoking

The risks can increase due to inflammation of the blood vessels or because of an infection. Blood clots are also very big concerned. These clots can form, break off and flow to the kidneys, legs, or other organs.

What causes aortic aneurysms to rupture?

A ruptured aortic aneurysm may lead to internal bleeding which can be life-threatening. Both the size and rate of growth affect its stability. If it is very large, it could easily rupture. If it grows fast, the walls of the aorta can quickly weaken, causing a rupture. Injury or a blow to the area can cause a rupture, but that is not as common.

A person with a ruptured aortic aneurysm may experience the following symptoms:

  • Dizziness
  • Sweatiness
  • Pain in the neck, chest, arms, or jaw
  • Fast pulse
  • Nausea
  • Clamminess
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Vomiting
  • Pain that radiates to the legs or back
  • Low blood pressure
  • Sudden pain in the abdominal or back that is persistent and intense.

At Siragusa Vein and Laser, we take your health very seriously. If you have an aortic aneurysm, choose us first. Our knowledgeable, caring doctors will sit down with you to decide on the best plan for treatment. Contact us today to find out how we can help you.

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