For many people, ‘vein disease’ means spider veins, varicose veins, and the associated symptoms. For some, these symptoms are a minor discomfort. They can diminish the quality of life a bit, but the symptoms are bearable.
However, many people overlook the deeper underlying problem. As our Nashville vein specialist reminds our patients, vein disease left untreated can have severe consequences.
What effect does vein disease have on our body?
The risk factors leading to vein disease are age, gender, obesity, lack of exercise, heredity, and lifestyle factors such as smoking. Vein disease is characterized by stiffer, thicker blood vessel walls, and decreased blood flow with an increased tendency to clot. These conditions worsen when the risk factors go unaddressed.
These conditions can lead to improper functioning of venous valves, which in superficial veins leads to spider veins and varicose veins. Those can be treated with sclerotherapy, laser and radiofrequency ablation, or microphlebectomy. However, our deeper veins can be much harder to treat. Blockage of a deep vein due to blood clot leads to a condition called Deep Vein Thrombosis, or DVT.
How can DVT lead to embolism?
Blockage of a blood vessel need not be complete. Partial blockages can lead to symptoms such as pain, swelling, discoloration, and engorgement of superficial veins. However, a greater threat from blockage of deep veins is the risk that the blood clot, or thrombus, will dislodge and circulate to our lungs.
A thrombus formed in a deep vein might impact in the lungs. The result is blockage, or embolism, of the pulmonary artery, which leads from the heart to the lungs. Pulmonary embolisms occur in more than 600,000 people in the US every year, and result in between 50,000 and 200,000 deaths.
The risks of vein disease can be reduced with early treatment. If the risk factors listed above describe you or your loved ones, we urge you to contact the best vein doctor in Nashville. Siragusa Vein and Laser Center provides top quality vein disease treatment to Nashville residents. We can help you, too.