Vein Disease | Learn about Vein Disease and its Causes

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What is Vein Disease

Vein disease is one of the most overlooked and underestimated diseases. The main reason for this is the fact that, that unlike the heart or liver, veins are not concentrated in one specific part of the body. Instead, veins are just “there.” Veins are passive and their work is “behind the scenes.” Thus, the signs and symptoms of vein disease are often never felt and may go undetected for far too long. But make no mistake—disease of the veins is serious, and can even be deadly.

There are two main categories of vein disease: Thrombosis and insufficiency. Thrombosis is the blockage of a vein (or veins) from a blood clot. Thrombosis often occurs in the legs and the blood clots are often caused by prolonged inactivity, cancer, or pregnancy, or as a result of family history (genetics).

There are two types of thrombosis, known as Superficial Thrombophlebitis and Deep Vein Thrombosis. Superficial Thrombophlebitis occurs when blood clots form in the veins near the skin’s surface or within a limb. This type of thrombosis is really a combination of a blood clot and inflammation. Superficial Thrombophlebitis is more of a nuisance than a serious threat because it is easier to treat and clots very rarely travel to the lungs, where they can be deadly.

Deep Vein Thrombosis, or DVT, is an extremely serious type of thrombosis. DVT occurs in the veins that lie deep in the legs. When blood clots form in the deep leg veins they can break off and travel to the lungs. This situation, which occurs in 25% of DVT cases, can then cause a pulmonary embolism, often resulting in death.

Varicose veins are swollen, bulging veins just beneath the surface of the skin. Varicose veins occur when the valves in veins become weak or are defective, resulting in the pooling of blood in the veins. This causes veins to swell, thereby bringing about varicose veins. Beyond being unsightly, varicose veins can cause blood clots, skin ulcers, and leg swelling and pain.

Chronic Venous Insufficiency occurs when the veins lying deep within the limbs do not properly drain. Chronic Venous Insufficiency causes significant swelling in the legs, pain and discoloring of the skin.

Vein disease is a prevalent and often dangerous condition. If you are experiencing any symptoms, or are at risk for vein disease, it’s important that you seek vein disease treatment in Nashville before the condition worsens. Our highly trained Nashville vein experts will provide leading-edge care to diagnose and treat your vein disease so you can live a full and active life.